Zeche Schlägel & Eisen

  • Adress

    Zeche Schlägel & Eisen
    Schacht 3/4
    Glückauf-Ring 26
    45699 Herten

  • Opening hours

    Schlägel & Eisen mine’s machine building can only be accessed during tours. Outdoor areas are freely accessible.

  • Tours

    Open industrial history tours

    Every 1st and 3rd Sunday in a month
    at 2 p.m.

  • Association

    Klub Schlägel und Eisen e.V.

    www.schlaegel-eisen.de

Something really special. Headframe on shaft 3.

Werner Gellhorn also designed the adjacent machine building in the historicism style. Inside, visitors can take a closer look at a twin steam-driven winding machine from 1897. Half of the machine house served as a pithead bath as of 1951. At that time, the building’s historical facade was completely reshaped and adapted to the remaining open-cast mines from the 1930s and 1940s. Inside of the building’s southern section, things look different: the original architectonic design was maintained there. Alongside the hoisting machine, you can also gaze in wonder at the rest of the original wall paintings, which were unveiled and lovingly restored by a conservator.

Pleasant atmosphere. The pit ventilation system.

In the years 1972/73, shafts 3 and 4 obtained a new extendable pit ventilation system for mine ventilation. The system still exists today.

A good start. The first shift.

Schlägel & Eisen mine’s history began in 1873 with the foundation of a company to construct a hard coal mine in Herten. The entrepreneurs didn’t waste any time and started a year later with sinking work for shaft 1 in today’s city district of Disteln. The mine produced the first coal in 1877. Expectations were able to be met and the mine continually developed itself further. From 1890, shaft 2 and from 1895 shaft 3 were therefore created in the southwest mining area in the city district of Langenbochum. Production there started in 1892 or 1897.

Crowned with success. The glorious times.

A period of revival followed the successful start: In 1898, Schlägel & Eisen mine was transferred to the ownership of the mining company Hibernia. With tremendous enthusiasm, the new owners started to expand the plant and had three new shafts sunk in the period from 1898 to 1900. In 1902, shaft 4 started up operations as a ventilation shaft. Three years later, the mine achieved a proud annual output of nearly one million tons of coal. As of 1937, the mine’s top management gave the go-ahead for sinking work for shaft 7, which served as the newer central hoisting shaft from 1941.

In the mid-1950s, there were 5372 employees at Schlägel & Eisen – the mine’s historical all-time high.

At the end of the 1960s, the newly founded Ruhrkohle AG took over the mine and drove it to new peak performances in the following years. In 1975, the mine therefore realized the maximum annual output of its history: 2.03 million tons. A low point was reached seven years later – in a positive sense: Those in charge began to drill down deeper at shaft 4 with an extended cross-section, and started up its operations in 1986 as the central hoisting shaft.

Ten terse years. Mergers and shutdown.

1990 heralded the decommissioning of Schlägel & Eisen mine, which should still be prolonged up into 2000: Consolidation with Ewald mine took place, which acquired the central production of coal. What remained at Schlägel & Eisen were lift cages to bring material and miners underground and back to the surface again. Another merger took place in 1997 – namely with the amalgamated mine Hugo/Consolidation with the Ewald/Hugo group. The last production of these combined mines was in April 2000, so that this date marked the final shutdown of Schlägel & Eisen.

Unforgotten. The mine as a monument.

The impressive systems on shaft 3 transferred into the care of the Foundation for the Preservation of Industrial Monuments in 1997. Entry in the list of monuments took place in the same year. The shaft 4 ensemble has been on the list of monuments since 2010 and has been the Foundation’s property since 2015.

Tours and fireworks. Schlägel & Eisen today.

Since May 2017, visitors can see the monument site during tours. In the process, they get exciting insights into the machine building’s interior and have the opportunity to explore the historical equipment. But that’s by far not everything: Temporarily, breathtaking events are held on the mine’s premises – including events during the Night of Industrial Culture, better known as ExtraSchicht. Following completion of refurbishment work, the Foundation plans on illuminating the headframes, and in cooperation with the Geschichtskreis Schlägel und Eisen Herten e. V. and the association Schlägel und Eisen e.V., on revitalizing the machine hall with a varied program of events.

Buildings

Shaft 3

1 machine building

1896 / remodeling 1951

Construction period

1896 Headframe and hoisting machine building
(shaft 3)
1984/85 Headframe (shaft 4)

Shutdown

1990

Industrial monument

since1997 (shaft 3)
since 2010 (shaft 4)

Foundation location

since1997 (shaft 3)
since 2010 (shaft 4)

Property

2.280 m²

Technical facilities/machines

Shaft 3

1 headframe

1896/97

1 twin steam-driven winding engine

1897 / Umbau 1928

Shaft 4

1 headframe

1984/85

2 pit fans

1972/73

Restoration, redevelopment and construction measures

2010

Roof waterproofing of machine building

2015–2017

Refurbishment of headframe
and machine building shaft 3

2017 tbc.

Renovation of headframe shaft 4