Zeche Pattberg

  • Adress

    Zeche Pattberg Schacht 1 
    Am Pattberg 35
    47445 Moers

  • Opening hours

    The industrial monument can only be accessed following prior consultation with the Foundation for the Preservation of Industrial Monuments and Historical Culture.

  • Tours

    A tour program is currently being developed.

  • Association

    An association is not active at this location.

Rheinpreußen Mine. The Pattberg shafts’ roots.

Another name that is closely connected with mining on the left bank of the Rhine is Franz Haniel. In 1857, Rheinpreußen coal mine, with a size of close to 100 square kilometers, was conferred to the entrepreneur. Sinking activities of the first shaft started in the same year. In 1866, sinking of the second shaft took place in today’s Duisburg-Hamborn. But it was only ten years later that the mine could produce the first hard coal. Franz Haniel could no longer experience this kick-off. He passed away in 1868. The founder’s family took over the helm, the family who should turn Rheinpreußen into a true success story. During the three decades from the end of the 1870s, three more pits were created.

1927. The Pattberg pits’ hour of birth.

In the course of developing the northern Rheinpreußen coal mine, the miners sunk two new shafts in 1927, which should bear the name of Heinrich Pattberg. Production on Pattberg 1 began in the same year. In 1934, employees started work on Pattberg 2. During this timeframe, the aboveground facilities were almost completely developed. When coal production started, the Pattberg pits obtained independent management and belonged to the technologically most advanced mines in Europe.

The most productive mine in the Ruhr region. 1st place for 13 years.

The consortium with Rheinpreußen mine took place in 1956 – and the success story reached its peak. Because from 1956 to 1969, Rheinpreußen mine was regarded as the uncontested, most productive mine in the Ruhr precinct. In 1966, it achieved its maximal output with around 4.7 million tons of hard coal. At that time, 9363 employees worked at Rheinpreußen.

With joint forces. Times of the consortium.

Rheinpreußen mine was transferred to the ownership of Ruhrkohle AG in 1969. As a result, the Pattberg pits were spun off in 1970, taking over its new role in the group with the Rossenray pit. In 1971, Ruhrkohle AG merged Rheinpreußen mine with Pattberg/Rossenray. This close alliance marked the birth of the Rheinland amalgamated mine. It took another 22 years until Rheinland and Friedrich Heinrich were consolidated by 1993.

The shutdown. Backfilling and demolition work.

Following the shutdown in 1993, the pits were backfilled step by step. It resulted in extensive demolition works, so that only a few buildings have been preserved. The machine hall belongs to locations of the Foundation for the Preservation of Industrial Monuments and Historical Culture since 1995, which successfully prevented the machine hall’s demolition. It was entered in the list as a monument in 2012.

Journey through time and culture. Pattberg pits today.

Colorful lights shine from the machine hall’s windows. Tuneful melodies can softly be heard outside. Since 2016, cultural events repeatedly take place at Pattberg. Extensive building refurbishment and site development are pending.


1 machine hall


Construction period

1932 machine hall



Industrial monument

since 2012

Foundation location

since 1997


2.387 m²

Technical facilities/machines

1 electrical hoisting machine


1 double-Ilgner converter


1 converter


Restoration, redevelopment and construction measures


Roof waterproofing, securing of window installations


Roof waterproofing, securing of window installations